Sharp EL-5813

Datasheet legend
Ab/c: Fractions calculation
AC: Alternating current
BaseN: Number base calculations
Card: Magnetic card storage
Cmem: Continuous memory
Cond: Conditional execution
Const: Scientific constants
Cplx: Complex number arithmetic
DC: Direct current
Eqlib: Equation library
Exp: Exponential/logarithmic functions
Fin: Financial functions
Grph: Graphing capability
Hyp: Hyperbolic functions
Ind: Indirect addressing
Intg: Numerical integration
Jump: Unconditional jump (GOTO)
Lbl: Program labels
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LED: Light-Emitting Diode
Li-ion: Lithium-ion rechargeable battery
Lreg: Linear regression (2-variable statistics)
mA: Milliamperes of current
Mtrx: Matrix support
NiCd: Nickel-Cadmium rechargeable battery
NiMH: Nickel-metal-hydrite rechargeable battery
Prnt: Printer
RTC: Real-time clock
Sdev: Standard deviation (1-variable statistics)
Solv: Equation solver
Subr: Subroutine call capability
Symb: Symbolic computing
Tape: Magnetic tape storage
Trig: Trigonometric functions
Units: Unit conversions
VAC: Volts AC
VDC: Volts DC
Years of production: 1979-1981 Display type: Numeric display  
New price:   Display color: Black  
    Display technology: Liquid crystal display 
Size: 4½"×2½"×½" Display size: 8+2 digits
Weight: 3 oz    
    Entry method: Algebraic with precedence 
Batteries: 2×"LR44" button cell Advanced functions: Trig Exp Hyp Sdev Cmem 
External power:   Memory functions:
I/O:      
    Programming model: Keystroke entry 
Precision: 11 digits Program functions:  
Memories: 7 numbers Program display:  
Program memory: 30 program steps Program editing:  
Chipset:   Forensic result: 9.0031035348  

el5813.jpg (18652 bytes)This little gem of a programmable calculator was an unexpected find. I wasn't even aware of this model number until one day, I had a chance to buy three of these machines. Even though only one worked out of the box, and of the other two, one was repairable (with some broken traces on its circuit board) but the other was a hopeless case of heavy corrosion, I was happy with the result: here I had in my hands a previously unknown programmable machine in good working condition.

I even know these machines' approximate age: one of the three came with a warranty sticker that dates back to 1981. Older than I'd have thought!

These machines have a 30-step program memory with no way to edit/review programs. An annoying "feature" is that when you hit the LRN key, the display is reset to 0 and pending operations are cancelled. This makes it difficult to program algorithms that operate on the displayed value, if said algorithms result in an error for an argument of zero (this would interfere with the entering of the program). Since most trivial implementations of the Gamma function or Stirling's formula fall into this category, my favorite programming example needed some adjustments before I was able to fit it into the machine's limited program memory.

A further difficulty is caused by the fact that the EL-5813 stores programs in completely unmerged form; every use of the 2ndF key takes up an extra step in program memory. Overall, however, this is not at all an unpleasant machine; its metallic case, very small size and weight, and pleasant keyboard make it an excellent shirt-pocket engineering calculator.

Stirling's formula, I said? Yes; even though the EL-5813 has several memory registers, a polynomial implementation of my programming favorite, the Gamma function, is just too much for its 30 program steps. Stirling's formula, however, does fit, even in its improved form. Note how this implementation actually increments the argument by one, which is how the problems with a zero argument can be avoided. To use the program, simply enter the argument and hit the COMP button.

x->M
1
M+
÷
RM
÷
1
2
+
1
=
×
RM
yx
RM
÷
RM
ex
×
(
2
×
2ndF
π 
÷
RM
)
2ndF
√ 
=
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