Canon FP-11P

Datasheet legend
Ab/c: Fractions calculation
AC: Alternating current
BaseN: Number base calculations
Card: Magnetic card storage
Cmem: Continuous memory
Cond: Conditional execution
Const: Scientific constants
Cplx: Complex number arithmetic
DC: Direct current
Eqlib: Equation library
Exp: Exponential/logarithmic functions
Fin: Financial functions
Grph: Graphing capability
Hyp: Hyperbolic functions
Ind: Indirect addressing
Intg: Numerical integration
Jump: Unconditional jump (GOTO)
Lbl: Program labels
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LED: Light-Emitting Diode
Li-ion: Lithium-ion rechargeable battery
Lreg: Linear regression (2-variable statistics)
mA: Milliamperes of current
Mtrx: Matrix support
NiCd: Nickel-Cadmium rechargeable battery
NiMH: Nickel-metal-hydrite rechargeable battery
Prnt: Printer
RTC: Real-time clock
Sdev: Standard deviation (1-variable statistics)
Solv: Equation solver
Subr: Subroutine call capability
Symb: Symbolic computing
Tape: Magnetic tape storage
Trig: Trigonometric functions
Units: Unit conversions
VAC: Volts AC
VDC: Volts DC
Years of production:   Display type: Numeric display  
New price:   Display color: Black  
    Display technology: Liquid crystal display 
Size: 7"×3"×1" Display size: 10(8+2) digits
Weight: 10 oz    
    Entry method: Algebraic with precedence 
Batteries: 4×"AA" alkaline Advanced functions: Trig Exp Hyp Lreg Cmem Prnt Units 
External power: 6VDC 2.3W   Memory functions:
    Programming model: Partially merged keystroke 
Precision: 11 digits Program functions: Jump Cond  
Memories: 7 numbers Program display: Printed listing only  
Program memory: 45 program steps Program editing:  
Chipset: Toshiba T6869S   Forensic result: 9.0000278593  

fp11p.jpg (38410 bytes)For a long time, I wasn't even sure that this machine existed; I've heard about the FP-11P, but never found any detailed information or a picture of this interesting calculator. Now finally I hold one in my hands. A machine that is somewhat battered, with a thermal printer whose heating elements are slowly dying; nevertheless, the device still functions and I can explore its capabilities.

It didn't take very long to realize that the FP-11P is basically a printing version of another elegant Canon programmable, the F-73P. This makes the FP-11P highly unique; the only other keystroke programmable handheld calculator with built-in printer that I am aware of is Hewlett-Packard's legendary HP-19C. (All other printing models are either desktop models, or BASIC programmables.)

The functionality of the FP-11P and the F-73P is similar but not identical. Where the F-73P offers number base calculations in octal and hexadecimal, the FP-11P has printing functions. One singularly useful function is the ability to list programs on paper! Not quite the same as a true program view/edit capability, it nevertheless goes a long way towards making the calculator a really useful programmable device. (If only the printer in my FP-11P were working right!)

Curiously, printing commands cannot be included in a program. Thus, it does not appear to write a program, for instance, that automatically prints interim results and continues running.

The FP-11P suffers from the same limitations as the F-73P: only 45 partially merged program steps (most notably, steps like RCL 1 or STO 2 are NOT merged, which makes memory operations expensive) and a GOTO instruction that only allows relative jumps within nine steps of the current location makes it difficult to implement more complex algorithms. To date, my proudest accomplishment on this machine is an iterative program that computes the incomplete Gamma function:

01:  STO
02:  2
03:  RM
04:  STO
05:  1
06:  ax
07:  RCL
08:  2
09:  ÷
10:  RCL
11:  1
12:  ex
13:  ÷
14:  RCL
15:  2
16:  =
17:  STO
18:  3
19:  SM
20:  RCL
21:  3
22:  ×
23:  RCL
24:  1
25:  ÷
26:  (
27:  GOTO 1
28:  GOTO -9
29:  RCL
30:  2
31:  +
32:  1
33:  )
34:  STO
35:  2
36:  GOTO 1
37:  GOTO -9
38:  +
39:  STO
40:  3
41:  RM
42:  =
43:  x<=M 1
44:  GOTO -7
45:  RM